For a long time, Spain has been synonymous with effective and extensive maritime trade, and the association has historically brought prosperity to European countries. With well-maintained ports and continuous growth in technology, equipment and expertise, Spanish ports will continue to remain the key to trade, partnership and economic growth in the region.
These are Spain’s five important ports, which continue to make Spain a force that cannot be ignored in the region:
1. Port of Algeciras
Algeciras is one of the largest ports in Spain. The port is 5,000 kilometers along the coastline and is a Spanish country, just like her sister port. Although this is the largest port in Spain, it is also the third largest port in the Mediterranean. Ranked ninth globally.
The port is located in Andalusia, in the province of Cadiz, and is the center of tobacco, fishing, agriculture and oil trade. It is estimated that the annual freight volume is as high as 70 million tons. As the largest city in the Gulf of Gilbrata, Algeciras has received strong support from port trade. The three regions where the Port of Algeciras competes most fiercely with other major European ports are transshipment, cargo and containers.
From the beginning of 2019 in January the port has seen a growth of 6.4% in general cargo as the port handled 92 million tons of goods. This number is up 3% from 2018. The port also features facilities for roll on and off services, fishing fleets, cruise ships and fuel handling.
2. Port of Valencia
The fifth busiest port in Europe and the second largest port in Spain: the port of Valencia. The size of this port is impressive, with an annual cargo volume of 57 million tons. In 2010, the annual container volume was 4.2 million TEUs, and this number has been increasing in the past decade.
It is operated by the Valencia Port Authority and can accommodate ships up to 500 feet long and is a port of call for ship maintenance. The port has two berths, a VIP room for passengers, a duty-free shop, personal assistance for passengers in need, public transport connections, and a tourist information office.
The distribution radius of the Port of Valencia to North Africa and the European Union exceeds 2,000 kilometers.
3. Port of Barcelona
Barcelona is located on the northeast coast of Spain, in the province of Catalonia. This port has existed for more than 2,000 years and still maintains a strong momentum in trade and port services. The port is an excellent partner for major European ports on the Mediterranean coast.
The Port of Barcelona experienced nearly 3 million TEUs in 2017, while passenger traffic reached approximately 4 million. After the port's 2 million euro renovation project, the revenue has increased the flow to the port cruise area to 2019, or even higher.
Compared with other ports, the port is closer to the tourist area, and they use these tourist attractions to establish their business in the cruise market. In terms of trade, the port’s proximity to France makes it an important gateway to international trade.
The Port of Barcelona is divided into a commercial port, an old port and a logistics port. It also has a free trade zone.
4. Port of Bilbao
The port is located in the Abra Bay of Bilbao in the Basque Country and is also known as an external port. Since the Middle Ages, this port has been very popular and is related to the steel trade at that time.
Bilbao gradually developed into a gateway to the European Atlantic trade route. As far as trade with the UK is concerned, it has become the premier port. As an important logistics participant in trade along the Atlantic Corridor, the port has established infrastructure in dry ports and other logistics areas.
Cruise ships in the port of Bilbao have a smaller footprint because they are still growing in this aspect of the port business. Nevertheless, they still saw 80,000 passengers from 58 cruise ships.
The port of Bilbao is closely related to the economic growth of the Biscay region. Locals rely on the port to engage in other income-generating activities such as transportation, tourism, engineering, and ship repair.
5. Port of Castellon
Located in Castellon de la Plana, Spain, this port is the youngest port compared with other major ports in Spain, but the number is impressive. This is a logistics port whose growth rate is five times the average rate of other ports of similar size in Spain. It is a leading logistics service provider for the local economy in Castellon, with a freight volume of more than 20 million tons in 2018.
Castellon is a well-known area where the city's ceramic tile factory produces ceramics. The port of Castellón handles 95% of ceramic exports from Spain to the rest of the world. The region is also home to the only oil refinery in the Valencia region, so it can also process and transport large quantities of refined and unrefined petroleum products and chemicals.